Individuals are provided with a range of oral surgery options to treat a range of conditions impacting dental and overall health. Individuals in need of oral surgery may have conditions, such as:
• Dental or tooth damage
• Gum infection
• Oral cysts or tumours
• Oral disease
• Sinus cavity complications
• Jaw disorders
• Bite irregularities
• Facial muscle malfunction
• Bone loss
• Unhealthy impacted teeth or wisdom teeth
• Gum tissue over- or under-growth
• Gummy smile
The type of treatment and oral surgery procedure depends on the conditions being treated and severity. Where risk of oral trauma and ill-health is high, oral surgery may be a priority.
Poor dental health may affect an individual's communication and nutritional choices. Oral infections and diseases may lead to health complications, such as diabetes and heart disease. Oral surgery is a means of restoring dental and oral function for healthier lifestyle choices, eliminating pain and discomfort, enhancing facial appearance and increasing self-confidence.
Oral surgery also serves as the basis for other dental and cosmetic dentistry treatments, including:
• Insertion of dental implants for denture preparation
• Removal of excess gum tissue prior to wisdom tooth extraction
• Removal of excess frenum tissue below the tongue to treat midline diastema and aid tongue movement
• Root canal treatment
• Sinus lift
• Bone augmentation or bone grafting
• Cyst enucleation
• Lip lifts
• Gum contouring
• Facial reconstruction
• Smile makeovers
Tooth extraction is a form of oral surgery used to treat patients with tooth and bone damage resulting from decay, gum infection and disease. In most cases, dentists try to restore damaged teeth and preserve existing dental structure. However, where damage is severe and oral blood vessels and nerves are damaged, it may be best to remove the tooth to protect the patient's future oral and overall health.
Where patients suffer from severe orthodontic conditions such as teeth overcrowding, malocclusion or jaw disorders, oral surgery may be necessary to return oral function and bite to normal. Tooth extraction may be used to remove excess teeth that cause overcrowding before a fixed, functional or removable brace system is used to correct teeth positioning.